What are the topics for Junior Engineer examination- civil engineering

General Intelligence & Reasoning: The programme for General Intelligence would come with queries of each verbal and non-verbal kind. The topics are analogies, similarities, variations, house visualisation, downside finding, analysis, judgement, deciding, visual memory, discrimination, observation, relationship ideas, pure mathematics reasoning, verbal and figure classification, pure mathematics to check the candidate’s talents to modify abstract ideas and symbols and their relationships, pure mathematics computations and different analytical functions. (ii) General Awareness: queries are aimed towards testing the candidate’s general awareness of the setting around him/her and its application to society. queries will be designed to check data of current events and of such matters of everyday observations and knowledge in their scientific side as could also be expected of any educated person. The test of knowledge on History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Polity and research project, etc.
Civil Engineering

Building Materials : Physical and Chemical properties, classification, customary tests, uses and manufacture/quarrying of materials e.g. building stones, salt primarily based materials, cement (Portland), amphibole product, timber and wood primarily based product, laminates, hydrocarbon materials, paints, varnishes. Estimating, cost accounting and Valuation: estimate, gloss of technical terms, analysis of rates, ways and unit of mensuration, things of labor – wall, Brick work (Modular bricks), RCC work, Shuttering, Timber work, Painting, Flooring, Plastering. Boundary wall, Brick building, Water Tank, storage tank, Bar bending schedule, Centre line methodology, Mid-section formula, Trapezodial formula, Simpson’s rule. price estimate of storage tank, versatile pavements, Tube well, isolates and combined footings, Steel Truss, Piles and pile-caps. Valuation – worth and price, scrap worth, salvage worth, assessed worth, monetary fund, depreciation and degeneration, ways of valuation. mensuration : Principles of mensuration, mensuration of distance, chain mensuration, operating of prismatic compass, compass traversing, bearings, native attraction, surveyor’s instrument mensuration, surveying instrument traversing, adjustment of surveying instrument, Levelling, Definition of terms employed in levelling, contouring, curvature and refraction corrections, temporary and permanent changes of Dumpy level, ways of contouring, uses of relief map, tachometric survey, curve setting, earth work calculation, advanced mensuration instrumentality. Soil Mechanics : Origin of soil, part diagram, Definitions-void magnitude relation, porosity, degree of saturation, water content, relative density of soil grains, unit weights, density index and relation of various parameters, Grain size distribution curves and their uses. Index properties of soils, Atterberg’s limits, soil classification and malleability chart. porosity of soil, constant of porosity, determination of constant of porosity, Unconfined and confined aquifers, effective stress, quick sand, consolidation of soils, Principles of consolidation, degree of consolidation, pre-consolidation pressure, un remarkably consolidated soil, e-log p curve, computation of final settlement. Shear strength of soils, direct shear take a look at, Vane shear take a look at, Triaxial take a look at. Soil compaction, Laboratory compaction take a look at, most dry density and optimum wetness content, earth pressure theories, active and passive earth pressures, Bearing capability of soils, plate load take a look at, customary penetration take a look at. fluid mechanics : Fluid properties, fluid mechanics, measurements of flow, Bernoulli’s theorem and its application, flow through pipes, flow in open channels, weirs, flumes, spillways, pumps and turbines.

Irrigation Engineering: Definition, necessity, benefits, effects of irrigation, varieties and ways of irrigation, geophysics – mensuration of precipitation, break out constant, rain gauge, losses from precipitation – evaporation, infiltration, etc. Water demand of crops, duty, delta and base amount, Kharif and Rabi Crops, Command space, Time issue, Crop ratio, Overlap allowance, Irrigation efficiencies. totally different style of canals, forms of canal irrigation, loss of water in canals. Canal lining – varieties and benefits.,yield from a well. Weir and barrage, Failure of weirs and permeable foundation, Slit and Scour, Kennedy’s theory of vital rate. Lacey’s theory of uniform flow. Definition of flood, causes and effects, ways of control, water work, safety measure. Land reclamation, Characteristics of poignant fertility of soils, purposes, methods, description of land and reclamation processes.

Transportation Engineering: road Engineering – cross sectional components, geometric style, forms of pavements, pavement materials – aggregates and hydrocarbon, totally different tests, style of versatile and rigid pavements – Water sure Macadam (WBM) and Wet combine Macadam (WMM), Gravel Road, hydrocarbon construction, Rigid pavement joint, pavement maintenance, road drain.

Railway Engineering- elements of permanent means – sleepers, ballast, fixtures and fastening, track pure mathematics, points and crossings, track junction, stations and yards.

Traffic Engineering – totally different traffic survey, speed-flow-density and their interrelationships, intersections and interchanges, traffic signals, traffic operation, traffic signs and markings, road safety. Environmental Engineering: Quality of water, supply of water system, purification of water, distribution of water, want of sanitation, sewerage systems, circular sewer, oval sewer, sewer appurtenances, waste product treatments. Surface water drain. Solid waste management – varieties, effects, built management system. pollution – pollutants, causes, effects, control. pollution – cause, health effects, control. Structural Engineering Theory of structures: physical property constants, forms of beams – determinate and indeterminate, bending moment and shear force diagrams of merely supported, cantilever and over hanging beams. Moment of space and moment of inertia for rectangular & circular sections, bending moment and shear stress for tee, channel and compound sections, chimneys, dams and holding walls, eccentric hundreds, slope deflection of merely supported and cantilever beams, vital load and columns, Torsion of circular section. Concrete Technology: Properties, benefits and uses of concrete, cement aggregates, importance of water quality, water cement magnitude relation, workability, mix design, storage, batching, mixing, placement, compaction, finishing and set of concrete, internal control of concrete, weather and atmospheric condition concreting, repair and maintenance of concrete structures. RCC Design: RCC beams-flexural strength, shear strength, bond strength, style of separately strengthened and double strengthened beams, cantilever beams. T-beams, lintels. {one means|a method|a technique|a way} and 2 way slabs, isolated footings. strengthened brick works, columns, staircases, wall, water tanks (RCC style queries could also be supported each Limit State and dealing Stress methods). Steel Design: Steel style and construction of steel columns, beams roof trusses plate girders.

What is the eligibility for LET?

Lateral Entry Scheme is a method of admitting meritorious Diploma holders to the Second Year/Third Semester of the B. Tech courses to acquire a Degree in Engineering. Lateral Entry Scheme is approved by Government of Kerala as per G.O (MS) No.156/2002/H.Edn dated: 13.11.2002 for 10% of the sanctioned seats in addition to total seats. So as to maintain uniformity among the various schemes of Diploma holders, it suggests a state level Entrance Examination for the selection. Fee for the various courses in Government/ Aided/ Government controlled/ Self-financing colleges will be as fixed by the Government from time to time. Students will be liable to pay all other fees and other charges as per statutes.

Eligibility for Admission:

  1. All admission to Government/ Aided/ Government controlled/ Self-financing Engineering Colleges will be as per the rank list prepared based on Entrance Examination conducted by The Joint Controller of Technical Examinations, Thiruvananthapuram vide Clause 9 of the prospectus.
  2. The admission will be subject to regulations prescribed in the prospectus and of the Universities concerned.
  3. The Maximum age as on the last date of submission of application must be 30 Years.
  4. Non-Keralite’s are also eligible to apply but their admission will be restricted to the Private Self-Financing Institution and Non-Government seats in the Government controlled Self- Financing Institutions.
  5. Candidates are admitted to the branch of Engineering as per the equivalency given in Annexure A. 4. (b) Eligibility for writing the Entrance Examination,
  6. Candidates who have passed Diploma in Engineering/ Technology awarded by any State Board of Technical Education, or Institutions under Government of India after undergoing regular course of 3 years are eligible for writing the Entrance Examination. All candidates are supposed to produce a certificate showing the duration of the course and the details of the certificate issuing authority properly authenticated by the head of institution concerned, in the space provided in the application form.
  7. Those who are appearing for the final year diploma examination are also eligible to apply subject to the condition that they will produce the Qualifying Certificate (Original or Provisional) at the time of admission.

Reservation of seats:

  1. In Government Engineering Colleges all seats under Lateral Entry scheme will be allotted as Government seats
  2. All seats under Lateral Entry scheme will be filled from the common rank list prepared by the Directorate of Technical Education for the LET Admission 2018.
  3. 15% of the seats under this scheme are reserved as Management seats in Aided Engineering Colleges and remaining 85% are allotted as Government seats.
  4. The availability of Government seats in Government controlled and other Private Self Financing Engineering Colleges will be announced before the ensuing online admission.
  5. Communal reservation for candidate belonging to socially and Educationally Backward Classes (SEBC) and SC/ST category will be followed as per usual norms.
  6. 3% Seats are reserved for Physically Disabled candidates. Candidates who claim a reservation under physically disabled quota shall have a minimum of 40% disability. And must attach a disability Certificate from the District Medical Board. Such candidates must also produce a certificate obtained from a Medical officer not below the rank of Assistant surgeon to ensure the fitness of candidates to undergo the course.
  7. One seat each is reserved for Electronics and Communication Engineering, Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Computer Science & Engineering, and Information Technology branch for Defense quota. For claiming reservation in this quota, the certificate obtained in the prescribed format provided in the body of the application form is to be produced.

Public Sector Undertaking(PSU)

Public sector undertakings (PSUs) are Maharatnas, Navratna’s, and Mini Ratna’s.The criteria to be considered as Maharatnas are Listed on Indian stock exchange with minimum prescribed public shareholding under SEBI regulations, Have an average annual turnover of more than Rs.25, 000 crores during the last 3 years, Have an average annual net worth of more than Rs.15, 000 crore during the last 3 years. Have an average annual net profit after tax of more than Rs.5, 000 crore during the last 3 years, and should have significant global presence/international operations. The Boards of Maharatna PSUs will have powers to i) make equity investment to establish financial joint ventures and wholly owned subsidiaries in India or abroad, ii) undertake mergers & acquisitions, in India or abroad, subject to a ceiling of 15% of the net worth of the concerned PSU in one project, limited to an absolute ceiling of Rs.5, 000 crore (Rs. 1,000 crore for Navratna PSUs). The overall ceiling on such equity investments and mergers and acquisitions in all projects put together will not exceed 30% of the net worth of the concerned PSU. Following 7 PSU were granted the status of maharatnas:i. Bharat Heavy Electricals (BHEL) ii. Coal India iii. Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL) iv. Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) v. Oil and Natural Gas Company (ONGC) vi. National Thermal Power Company (NTPC) vii. Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) .The eligibility criteria for a Navratna status are:The PSUs, which are Miniratna I, Schedule ‘A’ and have obtained ‘excellent’ or ‘very good’ MOU rating in three of the last five years, are eligible. ‘Composite Score’ of performance has to be 60 or above. In order to review the performance of the PSU Coaching Centre In Kochi, a composite score based on its performance for the last three years would be calculated. PSU’s granted Navratna status are i. Bharat Electronics Limited ii. Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited iii. Hindustan Aeronautics Limited iv. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited v. Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited vi. National Aluminum Company Limited vii. Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited viii. NMDC Limited ix. Oil India Limited x. Power Finance Corporation Limited xi. Power Grid Corporation of India Limited xii. Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited xiii. Rural Electrification Corporation Limited xiv. Shipping Corporation of India Limited xv. Engineers India Limited xvi. Container Corporation of India xvii. National Buildings Construction Corporation Limited .Below the Navratnas are two categories of Miniratna’s. There are 56 companies in the Miniratna I category and 17 companies in Miniratna II category. The eligibility conditions and criteria for grant of Miniratna status are as under: i. Category-I PSUs should have made profit in the last three years continuously, the pretax profit should have been Rs.30 crore or more in at least one of the three years and a positive net worth. ii. Category-II PSUs should have made profit for the last three years continuously and should have a positive net worth. iii. These PSUs shall be eligible for the enhanced delegated powers provided they have not defaulted in the repayment of loans/interest payment on any loans due to the Government. iv. These PSUs shall not depend upon budgetary support or Government guarantees. v. The Boards of these PSUs should be restructured by inducting at least three nonofficial Directors as the first step before the exercise of enhanced delegation of authority. vi. The administrative Ministry concerned shall decide whether a Public Sector Firms fulfilled the requirements of a Category-I/Category-II company before the exercise of enhanced powers.


ISRO is the most reputed space agency of government of India which is related to the field of research and development in space science, space application, and technology. Every year, this organization invites applications from eligible candidates for various vacancies in ISRO to employ young and vigorous youths know more about space technology and its application for the development of the nation. There are several vacancies like Scientists, Researchers, Assistant JRF Geo-informatics, Engineers, Apprentices, Stenographer, Driver, Operator, Administrative, Translator, Accounts Officers, Technician, Draftsman, catering attendant, Medical Officer etc.
Students aspiring for the same must have done BE/B.Tech or equivalent qualification in first-class scoring an aggregate minimum of 65% marks or CGPA 6.84/10. The educational requirement that are clearly stated are the only minimum requirement criteria . The minimum educational qualification is grade 10th. The upper age limit for the post of Scientist/Engineers is 35 years. For persons with Disabilities and Ex-Servicemen, there shall be a relaxation given in upper age limit as per Govt. of India .

The departments where a student might be recruited are:
  • Indian Space Research Organization
  • Indian Institute of Space and Technology (IIST)
  • Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC)
  • Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC)
  • ISRO Inertial Systems Unit (IISU)
  • National Atmospheric Research Laboratory (NARL)
  • ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC)
  • Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS)
  • ISRO Propulsion Complex (IPRC)
  • Space Applications Centre (SAC)
  • National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC)
  • Master Control Facility (MCF)
  • Development and Educational Communication Unit (DECU)
  • ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC)
  • Antrix Corporation– The marketing arm of ISRO
  • North-Eastern Space Applications Centre (NE-SAC)
  • Physical Research Laboratory (PRL)
  • Semi-Conductor Laboratory (SCL)
  • Laboratory for Electro-Optics Systems (LEOS)
  • Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC-SHAR)

The application form for online registration for various offered posts are available on the ISRO website as per the prescribed schedule. Eligible and interested candidates must apply online through ISRO official website to register their applications on or before the due date. The ISRO releases separate application form for different posts on differed schedule. The ISRO Scientist/Engineer Recruitment application form are released in the month of September- October 2018. Candidates are required to fill the details as correctly and carefully. They are supposed to upload the scanned images of latest passport sized photograph and Signature in the prescribed manner while filling the form.
The selection process of ISRO recruitment includes written exam and personal interview. The procedure of selection of ISRO recruitment for various vacancies differs according to the posts. Students who qualify the written examination, will be called in for the interview. Later those who clear the interview will be shortlisted. Merit lists are prepared on the basis of the candidate’s marks obtained in the written examination and interview. Appointments will be on the basis of candidate’s merit. Candidates who applied to appear for the written exam conducted by ISRO for various post get their admit card from the official website few days before the exam date. The officials release the ISRO recruitment exam 2018 Admit Card on its official website at least 10 days before the commencement of exam date. Candidates can download the ISRO hall ticket of their respective exam by providing their unique application number.

PSC -Eligibility and Selection

In PSC a person can apply for the selection to a particular post when the selection is notified by the Kerala Public Service Commission in the Kerala Gazette or in the PSC Bulletin, News papers etc. The applicants candidature in the election is valid only if he/she satisfies all the eligibility criteria specified for the selection as well as the modalities for applying forthe said selection.The Commission will notify the selections to a post only after vacancies for the post are reported to the commission by the respective Appointing Authority. A person applying for a selection must satisfy all the eligibility criteria mentioned under the Notification concerned and General Conditions under part II of part IB Kerala Gazette. The age limits (upper&lower) for a particular post will be clearly mentioned in the the selection/Notification for that post. There is 5 years relaxation provided for SC/ST Candidates and 3 years for OBC Candidates. The reckoning age of an applicant for a selection is the 1st day of January of the year in which the Commission published the Notification for that particular Selection. If the applicant is under aged or over aged on the date mentioned he/she will be considered ineligible for the selection. The applicant must have all the prescribed educational qualification for the post within the last date fixed in the notification for the receipt of the application prescribed.If the applicant is included in the Short List/Ranked List, his /her Register Number/Name will not ne considered .In case, such an applicant gets appointment to the post, the appointment would stand cancelled by the Commission and he/she will be terminated from service by the appointment authority. The Ranked Lists published by the Commission will be valid for a period of one year from the date on which it was brought into force provided the same list is considered till the publication of a new list after the expiry of the minimum period of one year or till the expiry of 3 years whichever is earlier.The Ranks shall be assigned in the descending order of total marks secured in the written test and interview by each candidate. If more than one candidate secures equal mark, then respective Rank position of such candidates will be assigned in the descending order of their age. If the age is also same, then their names shall be arranged in the Ranked List alphabetically. The Backward class Rank Holders are considered for Advice against either Open Competition (OC) turn or Backward Class (BC) turn while working out Rotation 20% of the total vacancies for Special Recruitment for SC and ST only are reserved for the Scheduled Tribes and the places allotted to SC and ST shall be decided out of every 5 vacancies. Which means that out of every 5 vacancies, one will be filled up by a ST. If there is no provision to accept in a selection the equivalent qualification , qualification other than those prescribed in the Rule cannot be accepted. Qualification can be accepted as equivalent only after it is declared by executive orders and proper amendments are issued to Special Rules. Best PSC Training Institute in Kochi .


SSC CGL is usually chosen by the young graduates who wish to make their careers secure by getting placed in government offices and ministries. In this kind of examination recruitment is done to hire candidates after judging their IQ level and knowledge about the subject for certain positions and also test their physical fitness as per the requirement of the job. Students must be aware of all the details so as to appear for the exam.


Must be a citizen of India or a subject of Nepal, Bhutan, or a Tibetan refugee who had came to India, before the 1st January, 1962 for settling in India. A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda etc for settling in India is also eligible for SSC

Qualification for Assistant Audit Officer:

  • The candidates must have a Bachelor’s Degree in any subject from a recognized University, CA/CS/MBA/Cost and Management Accountant/Masters in Commerce/Masters in Business Studies.

Junior Statistical Officer:

Graduate from any recognized University and with minimum 60% in Mathematics in Class.Bachelor’s Degree with Statistics as one of the subjects in graduation

Other posts

  • Bachelor’s Degree from a recognized University or equivalent

The candidates must be physically fit as per the standards of the Inspector as there are certain necessary Physical Standards for the post of Inspector,Sub-Inspector in CBI and Sub-Inspector in NIA. Date of Birth as recorded in the Matriculation/ Secondary Examination Certificate only will be accepted by the Commission.The age limit mentioned under the SSC CGL Eligibility Criteria is may be different for different posts. After clearing SSC CGL the pay scale will be different for different posts.

SSC coaching in kochi has clearly stated the physical standard eligibility for the following posts: Sub Inspector NIA, Inspector in Central Excise, Examiner, Preventive Officer and /Inspector & Sub-Inspector in CBN. Candidates who qualify the specified physical measurements will be eligible for the respective posts. PwD (Person with Disabilities) candidates are not eligible for the post of Assistant Section Officer in Intelligence Bureau.


The Government has provided information regarding Interviews for Junior Level Posts. Accordingly, the recruitment to the Selection Posts will be through OMR/Computer Based Objective Type Multiple Choice Examination.

  • Candidates will be shortlisted for OMR/Computer Based Examination based on the percentage of marks in Essential Qualifications as indicated in the application. Candidates will be shortlisted as, 25 candidates for every vacancy, subject to availability of a sufficient number of eligible candidates.
  • For the purpose of shortlisting of candidates for OMR/Computer Based Examination, the Commission will follow the rules mentioned by the University/Institution and take into account the percentage of marks as indicated in the Final Year Marks Statement.
  • If the Merit of the candidate is given in the Final Year Mark Statement in CGPA without showing the similar percentage of marks, the Commission will be following the criteria provided by the University/Institution in the Certificate, for arriving at the similar percentage.
  • The Commissions decision in shortlisting candidates will be final. No appeal will be entertained against such Shortlisting criteria. The information provided by the candidates in the applications will be verified by the Commission concerning the original documents after the OMR/Computer Based Examination.

Candidates who clear the exam will be eligible for jobs in the following fields:

Tax assistant
Central Vigilance commission
Railway Ministry
Ministry of external affairs
Income Tax Inspector
Other ministries
Central Bureau

Gate Score And Its Advantages

With the number of engineering colleges and universities increasing at a faster rate GATE is a way to check the real caliber of engineering students. It recognizes suitable professionals in different fields and helps them choose their subjects of interest for their higher academics. In the recent years there has been a great demand for the GATE score and the number of students choosing this has been increasing tremendously and will be increasing further in the future. This is considered to be the toughest examinations in our country in which the competition is incredibly high and needs targeted study in a planned manner.
It aims at rigorous testing of the students’ capability in engineering ideas .It includes 70 percent from the Engineering subjects and the rest coves the General ability.
The three-hour GATE paper features a total of sixty five questions.
To secure a high a grade one ought to keep in mind that they will be judged comparatively and conditionally. The general rank achieved depends upon the preparation level of your competitors.

Clearing GATE is additionally an eligibility clause for the award of Junior analysis Fellowship in CSIR Laboratories. M.Tech. degree is necessary for those who want to use for analysis positions in R&D centres. The marks scored in GATE is valid for 2 years and students are eligible for doing Master’s degree . For those that couldn’t pursue their B. Tech in IIT, it provides another chance to review within the prestigious IITs. Above all, it actually offers youa large technical edge over other aspects.
Students must go through the previous years question papers to have an idea of the examination pattern. They can refer a couple of books with the same topic and prepare notes after the completion of each chapter and Practise the maximum number of questions possible on a given topic .Focussing on the important formulas can help solve problems in a better way .Attempting the question that the students are sure of will be the best option because there are negative marking. There is no restriction on the number of attempts for GATE coaching in kochi. It may not be exceptionally hard to get a good score in the first attempt provided the students prepare well for it.

There are several coaching classes that can help to learn distinctive methods for solving the questions .Many Public sector undertakings prefer candidates with a Gate score and even they provide stipends to the students during their M.Tech course. Which means it provides financial assistance for masters programs. A student selected on the basis of test will have an added advantage as 70% weightage is given to the performance in GATE and only 30% weightage is given to the test or academic record. Getting admission in the best colleges again depends on the GATE score. A good rank in GATE opens opportunities for a job with a high salary. The research departments usually offer jobs to Gate qualified candidates as compared to the B.Tech students. Top educational institutes offer the designation of assistant professor with a good pay package.

GATE Preparation

GATE Preparation

GATE is an Examination for admissions for M.Tech, M.E courses at the IITs, NITs, other reputed Tier 1 institutions and many private universities across the country. GATE 2018 is to be conducted by IIT Guwahati this year for 23 papers .

The mode of the examination is expected to remain the same as for GATE 2017. It is a computer-based exam and will be held for three hours. Virtual calculator will be provided during the online exam. There are 65 questions containing MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) and NAT Questions (Numerical Answer Type) for 100 Marks

Every year, more than 50 PSUs are recruit through the GATE score. Some of the prominent PSUs that recruit via GATE Score are DRDO, BHEL, NTPC, PGCIL, IOCL, SAIL and BAARC. To get good GATE score, one should have a very good command on technical subjects, as GATE strongly tests your knowledge in all technical areas. Also, to crack a PSU job through GATE, getting a good GATE score is not the only important component, one should also need to have a deep insight into the subject as many PSUs have an interview round during their recruitment process.Students must not spend time going all over the topics againThis is not the time to start reading from the scratch. Students must go ahead with short notes and revise the practice questions and answers you have read before Gate aspirants must figure out a way to find out about topics which were not covered by you at all. This can be done by looking at the synoptic note of the topic mentioned in the study material/textbook so that you can be in a position to answer if the question comes out as a direct question.

Students must start studying the subjects which is easier and prioritise them accordingly. The more they solve, the more they answer correctly, and this confidence will help them get energised to attempt the difficult questions too. This is important to keep your energy and excitement intact for cracking GATE coaching in kochi.

They must try and make short notes from the tutorials or common discussion forums or from any other study material. It is very common for students to search on the net and download the soft copies of the books and notes. These soft copies can be found easily, downloaded and shared. But the disadvantage with soft copies is that the Internet also has many other things to distract you like music, videos, chats and so on. Students must try to solve as many papers as they can. If they are not able to solve or get the correct answers, they must go back to their notes or explanations and understand those from the study book and move on. They must not stick to books which have vast explanation of topics.

If finishing all subjects feels like a burden then they must plan for each day and be sincere and complete it the same day.The students must not take too much stress or study late at night. Eating and sleeping on time will give the much needed energy to put in the best during the exam.



Engineering students are very much familiar with the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) and Indian Engineering Services (IES).

The civil services that meet the various managerial functions of the government is called Indian Engineering services. The government of India recruits the civil servants through these competitive exams. Most of the Engineering graduates prefer IES. 

IES exam is conducted by union public service commission (UPSC) every year.

The exam is conducted in the following subject areas.

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Electronics Engineering
  • Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering

The maximum age limit for applying is 30 years. The syllabus of IES exam includes Objective type questions and Conventional type (as per specialization stream)

IES exam includes the entire engineering syllabus while GATE takes only a part of this syllabus and some other topics that are useful in higher studies.  IES exam contains Objective and Subjective type questions and total 4 papers whereas GATE exam contains only Objective type questions and only 1 paper.

The new pattern of the IES exam has come into effect from 2017.There are different stages where the students have to pass in the first stage to qualify for the second stage. This helps the students to work on their subjective papers and dedicate more time for it. Thus there will be a need for attending the coaching classes. The students will have to refer the newspapers as many of the topics are not taught during engineering.

  1. Current issues of national and international importance relating to social, economic and industrial development
  2. Engineering Aptitude
  3. Engineering Mathematics and Numerical Analysis
  4. Design, Drawing, Importance of Safety
  5. Standard practices in production, construction, maintenance and services
  6. Basics of Energy and Environment
  7. Basics of Project Management
  8. Basics of Material Science and Engineering
  9. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) Ethics and values in engineering profession.

The students appearing for the GATE examination will have a single paper of 3-hour duration that contains 65 questions carrying a maximum of 100 marks. The examination for all the papers will be online. The candidates must either select the answer (for MCQ type) or enter the answer for numerical answer type. Candidates will be provided with scribble pad for rough work and these have to be returned back after the examination. Students who have qualified the Gate are eligible for the position of Junior Research Fellow.

There are many more career options for students. Engineering students can attempt both IES and Gate. The gate exam will be in the month of February whereas IES will be later in the month of May. While preparing for Gate students cover almost 70% of the topics of IES exam. The questions in Gate can be from any topics whereas the questions are usually repeated in IES. Students are of the opinion that Gate is tougher that IES because the questions in Gate are more tricky whereas IES consists of straight forward questions.Thus students who have prepared well and dedicated a lot of time in attending coaching classes will find it easy to crack the exams.


BTech Degree and Mandatory GATE

GATE is an all-India examination that is conducted and administered by the Indian Institute of Science and seven Indian Institutes of Technology. In the present competitive scenario, where there is mushrooming of universities and engineering colleges, the only way to measure and test the capability of engineering students is the GATE.

GATE exams are now mandatory for passing out of engineering institutes. Usually it is conducted for admissions to PG. courses. This exam will be mandatory for students in their final year of B. Tech. The employment of the students depend on the scores obtained in the exam. It is planned to be implemented in both government and private engineering schools in India and the scores will be shared with the employers. It is being noted that only 20 – 30% of the engineering students get job hence these exams will make the students acquire the necessary skills to make them job ready. With growing questions on the credibility of engineers passing out of engineering colleges in India every year, this exam will test their attainment levels.

It is also found that few average students who think of high standards could not make it to GATE coaching in kerala. Once they miss it they lose hope and get into a below standard jobs because of social and financial concerns they have to face. Finally the students end up not realizing the dream that they had dreamt off while joining Engineering studies.

Some of the colleges like IITs and NITs demand a minimum percentage of about 60% in B.Tech degree as a criteria to admission apart from the GATE scores.

While for private colleges, it may or may not matter s it depends on the college itself as it is a self- regulatory authority.

Safest percentage would be 60% which is minimum required percentage for joining M.Tech program except SC/ST who need 55% only.

We can find thousands of engineering institutes across the country and each institute uses different tools and techniques to teach and test the skill of students. To test the students attainment level GATE examination has to be made mandatory for all students passing out of various engineering colleges to assess standards of education in each institution.

This exam will be a method of testing the skills, aptitude, critical thinking of the students.

It will give a feedback on the standards & teaching methodology of engineering institutes in India

It will help in coming out with remedial measures for the betterment of the education quality in each of the institutes. The AICTU will be announcing the new syllabus for the students by January. From the next academic session the students taking admission to engineering courses would have to undergo compulsory three-week orientation programme. The orientation programme in the new syllabus will make the students aware of the basic concepts of engineering and Basic English language skills. Similarly, the orientation programme will also reduce inferiority complex among the students. The three-week orientation would be focussing on varied areas such as the interaction between students and teachers, exchange of ideas between teachers and students, motivating students to take part in cultural and physical activities.